In September 1943, Italy capitulated and signed an Armistice with the Allies. Littorio and her sister Vittorio Veneto were built in response to the French battleships …  The Re.2000 fighter was a wheeled aircraft and had to land on an airfield. They could elevate to 45 degrees, permitting a maximum range of 25,740 m (28,150 yd). The digital art may be purchased as wall art, home decor, apparel, phone cases, greeting cards, and more. Over the machinery spaces, the main armor deck was 100 mm (3.9 in) on 12 mm plating inboard and 90 mm (3.5 in) on 12 mm plating outboard. Combat was limited to the opposing light forces, and Littorio and Vittorio Veneto did not see action; the British nevertheless broke off Operation Vigorous due to the battleships' presence and heavy air attacks. Built between 1934 and 1942, they were the most modern battleships used by Italy during World War II. On 17 December, she took part in the First Battle of Sirte. , Dreadnought battleship class of the Italian Royal Navy, This corresponded to 1.33 rounds per minute. Although high explosive shells weighing 774 kg (1,706 lb) were developed for the 381 mm guns, they never saw service on the Littorio-class.  Before returning to port, a British Wellington bomber torpedoed the ship. The two ships were repeatedly torpedoed throughout their careers: Littorio was hit by a torpedo during the attack on Taranto in November 1940 and again in June 1942; Vittorio Veneto was torpedoed during the Battle of Cape Matapan in March 1941 and while escorting a convoy to North Africa in September 1941. During the return to port, Littorio was struck by a torpedo dropped by a British Wellington bomber, but the ship was able to return to port for repairs. All info is based off of Littorio Wikipedia. Franco concluded several agreements with the Italian government that would have seen the building of four Littorio-class battleships in Spain.  After launch, the fitting out period lasted until early 1940.  Impero was laid down at the Ansaldo shipyard on 14 May 1938.  On sea trials, both Littorio and Vittorio Veneto exceeded the design specifications for their power plant.  On the night of 8–9 January 1941, the Royal Air Force attacked Naples with heavy bombers, but failed to hit the ship. , All four ships incorporated a unique underwater protection system named after its designer, Umberto Pugliese. Work was not resumed. They were developed in response to the French Dunkerque-classbattleships, and were armed with 381-milli…  Roma was damaged during the 5 June attack and again in a third attack on 23 June. A 26,500 long tons (26,900 t) design was then prepared, which mounted eight 343 mm guns in twin turrets.  In February, Vittorio Veneto, Andrea Doria and Giulio Cesare attempted to attack what was believed to be a Malta convoy. , Littorio was laid down at the Ansaldo shipyards in Genoa on 28 October 1934 to commemorate the Fascist Party's March on Rome in 1922. The Italians promised to provide all necessary technical and material support for the construction of the ships. She briefly engaged British cruisers with her rear main battery turret, without scoring any hits. While her sister was being repaired, she took over flagship duties and was transferred to Naples.  Funding was not allocated to begin construction, however, as the Italian Navy did not want to instigate an arms race with the French Navy. A 36 mm (1.4 in) homogeneous armor plate was placed 1.4 m (4.6 ft) behind the belt, followed 4 m (13 ft) behind by another 24 mm (0.94 in) plate sloped 26º in the opposite direction. Based on a upsized Littorio-class, these ships used upsized 16.5in guns, that were otherwise a scaled up version of the guns from the Littorio-class. She was not able to sail again until March. The Italians refused to disclose the details of the Pugliese system. They remained at the Great Bitter Lake in the Suez Canal for the rest of the war. While en route to Malta, German bombers attacked the fleet with Fritz X radio-guided bombs, damaging Italia and sinking Roma. The first two ships, Littorio and Vittorio Veneto, were operational by the early months of Italy's participation in World War II. The drum ran the length of the torpedo defense system, and was designed to collapse to contain the explosive pressure of a torpedo hit. This topic is categorised under: Ships » Battleships » Battleship Littorio-class. , In 1939, Spain's General Francisco Franco briefly considered a naval building program after seizing power in the Spanish Civil War. On 30 July 1943, after the fall of Benito Mussolini, Littorio was renamed Italia. In late 1932, Italian constructors responded with a design similar to the Deutschland class, but armed with six 343 mm (13.5 in) guns in triple turrets on a 18,000 long tons (18,000 t) displacement. During the resulting Battle of Cape Spartivento, Swordfish torpedo bombers from the carrier HMS Ark Royal attacked Vittorio Veneto, though she evaded the torpedoes.  Littorio was hit by three bombs on 19 June, a week after her sister was damaged. The ability of the drum to absorb explosive shock correspondingly fell in relation to its size. The Vittorio Veneto was the second ship of the Littorio-class battleships from the Regia Marina. The standard crew for Roma and Impero was increased by 100 enlisted men. Certain elements not to scale. The Impero never sa… The convoy was transporting supplies to the island of Malta. Littorio and her sister Vittorio Veneto were built in response to the French battleships Dunkerque and Strasbourg.  They had a rate of fire of slightly better than four rounds a minute. Vittorio Veneto shot down one aircraft, but the battleship was flooded with some 4,000 t (3,900 long tons; 4,400 short tons) of water, though she got underway after ten minutes and eventually reached Taranto on 29 March. (1985). Allocated to the United States, she was stricken on 1 June 1948 and scrapped in La Spezia. The riveted joint that connected the interior torpedo bulkhead to the bottom of the hull was not strong enough to sustain the tremendous shear loadings associated with direct contact explosions. Two hit Roma; one passed through the ship and exploded under her keel, and the second hit near the forward magazines. On 3 January 1942, Littorio was again tasked with convoy escort, in support of M 43.  These long-barrel, high-velocity guns were chosen to compensate for the smaller 381 mm shell as compared to the 406 mm gun originally desired.  After the entrance of Italy to World War II, the Italian Navy moved the unfinished ship from Genoa to Brindisi, out of fears of French attacks on the vessel. During the battle, Littorio struck and seriously damaged the destroyers HMS Havock and Kingston with her main guns, nearly destroying Kingston, which managed to limp back to Malta the following morning. The fineness of the hull shape prevented the 3800 mm thickness from being maintained for the entire central citadel; the width of the drum was reduced significantly abreast of the main battery, down to 2,280 mm (90 in). She was launched on 9 June 1940 and was completed on 14 June 1942, after which she joined the fleet in La Spezia and replaced Littorio as the fleet flagship.  The ships were equipped with three Ro.43 reconnaissance seaplanes or navalized Re.2000 fighters. , Italia and Vittorio Veneto reached Malta, where they remained until 14 September, when they were transferred to Alexandria. They had a rate of fire of 12 rounds per minute and had a ceiling of approximately 10,800 m (35,400 ft). The incomplete Impero had meanwhile been seized by the retreating Germans in 1943, who used her as a target, until she was sunk by American bombers on 20 February 1945. Littorio was the lead ship of her class of battleship and she served in the Italian Regia Marina (Royal Navy) during World War II.She was named after the Lictor ("Littorio" in Italian), in ancient times the bearer of the Roman fasces, which was adopted as the symbol of Italian Fascism. The London Naval Treaty of 1930 extended the building holiday to 1936, though Italy and France retained the right to build 70,000 tons of new capital ships. Littorio underwent the same pattern of machinery trials prior to completion; she was delivered to the fleet on 6 May 1940. The barbettes were 350 mm (14 in) above the upper deck and 280 mm (11 in) below deck. The armor scheme was nothing special, and …  Below the third deck, neither the primary nor secondary barbettes were protected by armor. Repairs were completed and on 12 December, both ships were moved from Taranto to La Spezia in response to the Allied landings in North Africa. , Vittorio Veneto sortied on 26 November and encountered British forces south of Sardinia. To accomplish this, they supplemented the 280mm (11″) main armoured belt with decapping plates mounted over it. More about the Battleship Littorio-class battleship. Nov 15, 2019 - Explore Sam Stewart's board "Italian battleships" on Pinterest. Littorio was a Littorio-class battleship that served in the Regia Marina during World War II. This model is designed and tested at 1/1800th scale, but up-scaling and down-scaling are possible. The incomplete Impero was seized by the Germans after Italy withdrew from the war and used as a target, until she was sunk by American bombers in 1945. Vittorio Veneto was launched on 22 July 1937, with Littorio following exactly one month later on 22 August. The class was composed of four ships—Littorio, Vittorio Veneto, Roma, and Impero—but only the first three ships of the class were completed. , Littorio and Vittorio Veneto had both returned to active duty by August 1941, and on the 22nd the two ships sortied to attack a convoy. Two more had been started in 1938, but only one of them, Roma, was completed before the Italian Armistice in Two were placed abreast the No. Description . They were Italy's first modern battleships, and the first 35,000 ton capital ships of any nation to be built under the terms of the Washington Naval Treaty. One hit Italia in the bow forward the main battery turrets, causing serious damage. Roma joined the fleet in June 1942, although all three ships remained inactive in La Spezia until June 1943, when all three were damaged in a series of Allied air attacks on the harbor. , The keels for Vittorio Veneto and Littorio were laid on the same day, 28 October 1934, at the Cantieri Riuniti dell'Adriatico shipyard in Trieste and the Ansaldo shipyard in Genoa, respectively. She was transferred to Genoa for repairs, which were not completed before the Armistice that ended Italian participation in the war. They formed the backbone of the Italian fleet, and conducted several sorties into the Mediterranean to intercept British convoys, though without any notable success. Aircraft facilities were located on the quarterdeck, where it was initially planned to base six La Cierva autogyros. International Naval Research Organization, Italian naval ship classes of World War II, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Littorio-class_battleship&oldid=1007694593, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 4,580 nautical miles (8,480 km) at 16 knots (30 km/h; 18 mph), Standard: 40,724 t (40,081 long tons; 44,891 short tons), Full load: 45,236 t (44,522 long tons; 49,864 short tons), This page was last edited on 19 February 2021, at 12:58.  Nevertheless, by the time these ships entered service, the international arms control system had fallen apart and the major naval powers had invoked the "escalator clause" that allowed for ships up to 45,000 long tons (46,000 t) displacement. The third ship of the Littorio class, Roma displaced 42,000 tons, could make 32 knots, and carried nine She was assigned to the distant covering force for the convoy M 42, which was bound for North Africa, carrying supplies for Rommel's Afrika Korps. The joints failed even in cases of non-contact explosions; this prevented the hollow drum from collapsing as designed and resulted in massive flooding. The design studies of what was to become the Littorio class was headed by Inspector-General of Naval Engineering, Umberto Pugliese. , The main battery turrets were protected by 380 mm (15 in) cemented armor faces, 200 mm (7.9 in) forward sides and roof, 130 mm (5.1 in) rear sides, 150 mm (5.9 in) rear roof, and 350 mm (14 in) rear. Italian Battleship Littorio is a piece of digital artwork by Carlo Cestra which was uploaded on April 8th, 2018.  France, which was given parity with Italy, also possessed 70,000 tons of capital ship tonnage. Littorio was the victim of several Allied aerial attacks throughout her career, the worst of which was the British air raid on the Italian fleet at Taranto on 11 November 1940, which put her out of action until the following March. Italia, Vittorio Veneto, and Impero were broken up for scrap between 1952 and 1954. In comparison, the French. All products are produced on-demand and shipped worldwide within 2 - 3 business days. The lower two levels had 250 mm (9.8 in) and 200 mm (7.9 in) respectively, all mounted on 10 mm (0.39 in) plating. Regardless, the Soviet Navy did not use the U.P. She was named after the Lictor ("Littorio" in Italian), in ancient times the bearer of the Roman fasces, which was adopted as the symbol of Italian Fascism. Italia was scrapped at La Spezia 1952-54. The Washington Naval Treaty of 1922 allotted Italy an additional 70,000 long tons (71,000 t) of total capital ship tonnage, which could be used in 1927–1929, while other powers were observing the "holiday" in battleship construction prescribed by the treaty. Roma — Italian premium Tier VIII battleship.. A Littorio-class battleship.She carried powerful main battery guns for a ship of her size, was protected by reliable side armor, and had good torpedo protection. She was launched on 15 November 1939, but she was never completed.  The 406 mm gun in turn was abandoned in favor of the 381 mm gun because there were no designs for the larger gun, which would delay construction; a 381 mm gun had already been designed for the canceled Francesco Caracciolo class. She was renamed Italia after Benito Mussolini's regime collapsed. Littorio reached 137,649 shp (102,645 kW) and 31.3 kn (58.0 km/h; 36.0 mph), while Vittorio Veneto made 133,771 shp (99,753 kW) and 31.4 kn (58.2 km/h; 36.1 mph), both at light loadings. On 26 September, the two battleships attempted to intercept the Operation Halberd convoy, but they broke off the operation without attacking the convoy. The roof 90–120 mm (3.5–4.7 in) on 10-mm plating.  Shortly thereafter, on 13 December, Littorio escorted another convoy to North Africa. Qty. She was then attacked by torpedo bombers from HMS Formidable; the first wave failed, but the second scored a single hit each on both Vittorio Veneto and the heavy cruiser Pola. While en route, German bombers laden with Fritz-X radio-guided bombs attacked the formation.  Protection and radius of action were sacrificed for speed and heavy armament, though the Italians did not value range, as they operated primarily in the confined waters of the Mediterranean. Littorio was renamed Italia in July 1943 after the fall of the Fascist government. The British follow-up convoy was much better defended and when the Italian fleet sortied on the 27 November to intercept it they were met with a covering force including two British battleships an… , In June 1943, a series of Allied air raids attacked La Spezia in an attempt to neutralize the three battleships. An evolution of the original larger design proposals for the Littorio class armed with 16 inch guns (M1936/39), which were still being updated after the Littorios' launch as a potential follow-up with improved AA, torpedo protection and machinery as response to future British and French battleship plans. After completion on 15 May 1940, she went to Taranto to join the fleet.  They opted for this design because this allowed three ships under the 70,000-ton limit. The propeller shafts, aft diesel generator groups, and steering gear were protected by 100 mm (3.9 in) homogeneous armor plating and a separate 200 mm (7.9 in) bulkhead aft of the citadel. , In preparing the design for the Design 1047 type of battlecruisers in early 1940, the Dutch Navy inspected Vittorio Veneto, then under construction, in hopes of gathering some experience on the underwater protection system. Due to fuel shortages, she was moved to La Spezia, Italy. In service, however, the ships averaged 28 kn (52 km/h; 32 mph). In October 1947, the ship was raised and towed to Venice, where she was broken up. During this time, Littorio's bow was modified to lessen vibration and reduce wetness over the bow. In addition, the Roma began its construction in 1938 and entered service in 1942.  Roma joined the fleet shortly after the attacks on the two convoys, and joined her sisters for the move to La Spezia. She provided distant cover to another convoy on 3–6 January 1942. Built between 1934 and 1942, they were the most modern battleships used by Italy during World War II. The Italian Navy wanted to protect the Littorio class battleships from 380mm (15″) shells , the most common calibre they would likely face in the Mediterranean. The 250 mm "Cellulite" accomplished the same task as a 600mm void. At 35,000 long tons (36,000 t), the initial two ships nominally met the terms of the Washington Treaty. The engines were rated at 128,200 shaft horsepower (95,600 kW) and a top speed of 30 knots (56 km/h; 35 mph). After 1930, the Italian Navy abandoned the smaller designs altogether. This kit of the Littorio shows her as she was in 1941, and can be built as a full-hull or waterline model. The guns' rate of fire was one shot every 45 seconds. The largest and most powerful warships ever built in Italy, the battleships of the Littorio class, were the first “35,000 tonners” to come under the provisions of the Washington Treaty.  At 14 kn (26 km/h; 16 mph), the ships' range increased slightly to 4,700 nmi (8,700 km; 5,400 mi).  Changes to the design and a lack of armor plating led to delays in the building schedule, causing a three-month slip in the launch date from the original plan of May 1937.  Although speed tests at overloaded power levels were not performed, it was determined that the ship had a theoretical top speed of 32.2 kn (37.1 mph; 59.6 km/h). The belt consists of a 70 mm (2.8 in) homogeneous armor outer plate and the 280 mm (11 in) cemented armor belt placed 250 mm (9.8 in) behind the outer plate; the 250 mm gap was filed with a cement foam called "Cellulite" to keep the water out of the gap and assist in de-capping armor piercing shells.  These guns fired a 50 kg (110 lb) AP shell at a muzzle velocity of 910 m/s (2,986 ft/s). , The weather deck over the citadel consists of 36 mm (1.4 in) homogeneous armor over 9 mm (0.35 in) plating; the main armor deck varied depending on the space it was protecting. The three active battleships were transferred to Malta before they were to be interned in Alexandria. back to all. , The conning tower was in the same style as the others designed by General Pugliese.  The 90-mm heavy anti-aircraft mounts were protected by 12–40 mm (0.47–1.57 in) shield and barbette plating. Littorio and her sister Vittorio Veneto were built in response to the French battleships Dunkerque and Strasbourg. From 1934 to 1942, the Italian Navy (the Regia Marina) funded construction of a four-strong class of new battleship known as the Littorio-class consisting of Littorio, Vittorio Veneto, Roma, and Impero. Built between 1934 and 1942, they were the most modern battleships used by Italy during World War II. She was sponsored by Signora Teresa Ballerino Cabella, the wife on an Ansaldo employee. She was in Taranto harbor during the Battle of Tarantoon 11 November, during which she received three torpedo hits, which caused extensive damage requiring five mo… Impero was the fourth Littorio-class battleship, named after the Italian word for “empire”, recalling not the Roman Empire dear to Mussolini but the newly conquered Italian Empire in East Africa after the Second Italo-Abyssinian War. The Battle that Scuttled the Battleship. On 22 March, she participated in the Second Battle of Sirte, as the flagship for an Italian force attempting to destroy a British convoy bound for Malta. Significant flooding caused the ship to settle by the bow. The class was composed of four ships—Littorio, Vittorio Veneto, Roma, and Impero—but only the first three ships of the class were completed. Add to cart Add to wishlist. A 40 mm thick torpedo bulkhead extended inboard from the base of the main belt before curving down to meet the bottom of the hull. The largest class of Italian warships, she was basically an upscaled Littorio when it came to hull design. An internal 200 mm (7.9 in) armored tube protected important electrical cables and pipes for hydraulic systems. Overall, they served predominately in the Mediterranean, making rare Atlantic sorties.  The ships made another unsuccessful sortie to attack another Malta convoy on 29 September. The same attack sank her sister Roma (photo elsewhere). She was named after the Lictor ("Littorio" in Italian), in ancient times the bearer of the Roman fasces, which was adopted as the symbol of Italian Fascism.  The 381 mm guns had a maximum elevation of 35 degrees, which allowed them to engage targets out to 42,260 m (46,220 yd). The ship’s main armament consisted of 3 triple turrets with 381 mm guns, 2 turrets superfiring at the front and 1 at the rear. 41 design as the basis for the Sovetsky Soyuz-class battleships they laid down in the late 1930s. The ship was dry-docked on 11 December, with repairs completed by 11 March 1941. The Littorio class, also known as the Vittorio Veneto class,[Note 1] was a class of battleship of the Regia Marina, the Italian navy. On 31 August, the two ships, along with three of the older battleships steamed with a force of ten cruisers and thirty-one destroyers to engage the Operation Hats convoy, but poor reconnaissance prevented the Italian force from engaging the British ships.  While incomplete, Vittorio Veneto went to sea on 23 October 1939 to conduct machinery trials. On 14 October 1946, she was moved to La Spezia, paid off on 3 January 1948, and broken up for scrap. She was renamed Italia on the fall of Mussolini later that year, and badly damaged in September by a German radio controlled glider bomb whilst en route to Malta to surrender to the Allies. Littorio and her sister Vittorio Veneto were built in response to the French battleships … Shortly after being commissioned into the Regia Marina, the Littorio was badly damaged by the British in the raid on Taranto in November 1940.  The hull space above the citadel was an armored casemate with 70 mm (2.8 in) plating. During this action, which saw the destruction of her sister Roma, Italia herself was hit by a Fritz X radio-controlled bomb, causing light damage to her bow. Roma's displacement increased slightly as compared to the other ships, to 40,992 t (40,345 long tons; 45,186 short tons) and 45,485 t (44,767 long tons; 50,139 short tons), respectively. This is funny to me because in a separate engagement, one of the Littorio's was described as straddling a destroyer in 3 salvo's which is very good.  In September 1943, following the withdrawal of Italy from the war, all three ships and a significant portion of the Italian fleet left port to be interned in Malta. The design was for a 42,000 t (41,000 long tons; 46,000 short tons) ship armed with nine 406 mm guns in triple turrets. The system was designed to protect the ship from torpedo warheads up to 350 kg (770 lb). Littorio class.  The 37 mm and 20 mm guns were designed for close-range defense and had effective ranges of 4,000 m (13,100 ft) and 2,500 m (8,200 ft), respectively. , Littorio and Vittorio Veneto were declared operational on 2 August 1940, and were assigned to the 9th Division of the 1st Squadron.  The project was abandoned after Italy became involved in World War II, and as a result of limited Spanish industrial capacity. The torpedo struck her starboard bow, though she returned to port. The Littorio class, also known as the Vittorio Veneto class, was a class of battleship of the Regia Marina, the Italian navy.The class was composed of four ships—Littorio, Vittorio Veneto, Roma, and Impero—but only the first three ships of the class were completed.Built between 1934 and 1942, they were the most modern battleships used by Italy during World War … , Littorio's design speed was 29 kn (33 mph; 54 km/h) at full-load. On 31 August - 2 September 1940, Littorio sortied as part of a large Italian force to oppose British naval forces taking part in Operations Hats and "MB.3", but contact was not made and no action occurred.A similar outcome resulted from the movement against British Operation "MB.5" on 29 September - 1 October.  This was ultimately abandoned in favor of a 35,000 ton design to be armed with 406 mm guns. After repairs, Littorio participated in the attack of the Allied convoy Albert on 27 September 1941. She was commissioned on 6 May 1940, and after running additional trials that month, she transferred to Taranto where she - along with the Vittorio Veneto - joined the 9th Division under the command of Rear Admiral Carlo Bergamini. There, she replaced Littorio as the fleet flagship. Littorio was launched on 22 August 1937, during a ceremony attended by many Italian dignitaries. During this attack Italia was hit on the starboard side underneath her fore main turrets, while its sister ship, the Italian flagship Roma, was sunk after it was struck by two bombs. Littorio, Garibaldi Class, Ships - Barrel Set RB Model 1:350 350L29 + February 20, 2021 This operation resulted in the First Battle of Sirte, which ended inconclusively. Nevertheless, Italia and Vittorio Veneto reached Malta and were interned. 2019 | New tool + Actions Stash.  During full speed trials, she reached an average speed of 31.293 kn (36.011 mph; 57.955 km/h) on a displacement of 41,782 t (41,122 long tons). After which she was sent to hunt the British and Free French Mediterranean fleets. She was part of the 1938 Naval Expansion Program with Roma. The first Italian design, prepared in 1928, called for a 23,000 long tons (23,000 t) ship armed with a main battery of six 381 mm (15.0 in) guns in twin turrets. Both countries were put under significant pressure from the other signatories to use their allotted tonnage to build smaller battleships with reduced caliber main batteries. Launch of the Battleship RN Impero in November 1939. , The ships' main battery consisted of nine 381 mm L/50 Ansaldo 1934 guns in three triple turrets, two in a superfiring pair forward and one aft.  This would have allowed the Italian fleet to keep at least two units operational at any given time. 41. 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